Understanding Veneer Cuts and Their Appearance

By Peter Rodgers | Posted: 04/02/2013 4:37PM

 

Aside from the species itself, the cut of a given sheet of wood veneer has a profound effect on its final appearance. The following list is not comprehensive, but should give an idea of the veneer cutting process and outcome.

click image to zoomOakwood VeneerOakwood VeneerFlat cut makore Flat Cut/Plain Sliced
Don't let the name fool you. This is a beautiful cut! The log is sliced parallel to its length (rather than horizontally against the log) creating the “cathedral effect” when the cut reaches the innermost rings of the log.

Quarter Cut
The log is sliced horizontally, with the blade perpendicular to the annual growth rings, creating an attractive straight grain appearance.

Rotary Cut
The log is centered and sliced horizontally with a broad blade set at an angle. Visualize the unrolling of paper towel and you'll have an idea of this cut. This cut reveals the variation in wood grain. A main benefit is that it often results in seam-free sheets of veneer.

Rift Cut
The log is cut at a slight angle giving a straight grain cut that minimizes any irregularities of the wood grain.

Lengthwise Slicing
This is veneer sliced from a board of flat sawn lumber rather than from a log. This creates a variegated color and figure.

Half Round Slicing
Sliced on an arc parallel to the center of the log, this achieves a flat-cut appearance.

Understanding these cuts can help in making the right selection of wood veneer for a given application.

 

About the Author

Peter Rodgers

Peter Rodgers is CEO of Oakwood Veneer Company, the largest in-stock supplier and manufacturer of flexible wood veneer products in the US. Rodgers was formerly in the kitchen refacing business and started Oakwood Veneer Company as a small venture in 1986 as a result of buying wood veneers in bulk for his own business use. Oakwood Veneer Company now manufactures and stocks over 300 species and varieties of wood veneer in a comprehensive complement of sizes and backers housed in a 45,000 square foot warehouse and manufacturing facility in Troy, Michigan.

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