Ziricote: A Beautiful & Brainy Wood Species
By Jo-Ann Kaiser | Posted: 07/03/2013 10:00AM
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click image to zoomFamily Name:
Cordia dodecandra of the Family Boraginaceae
ziricote, siricote, ciricote.
Ziricote’s height ranges from 30 to 65 feet with 2- to 3-foot diameters. Its weight averages 50 pounds, with a specific gravity of 0.85 to 0.97. It has a Janka Hardness rating of 1,970. to 2,200 pounds.
• The wood is said to machine well with both hand and machine tools. It also planes well and yields an intense luster.
• Ziricote can dry well, but there is a tendency for the ends to split. Experts recommend care in drying and a kiln schedule of T6-D2 for 4/4 stock; T3-D1 for 8/4 stock.
• The wood glues well and joints with screws and nails are considered durable. The fine dust created may be an irritant and can cause skin reactions. Ziricote is the heaviest wood from the Cordia species, a group that includes more than 250 different varieties. The unique nature of ziricote’s grain has been described as spider webbing by some while others see swirls, clouds and layers upon layers — or even brains.
“Furniture manufacturers, architectural millwork, musical instruments, dashboards, aircraft and yacht interiors, and woodcarvers, have utilized this inspiring species,” said Rick Banas, vice president of Interwood. “One client, a brain surgeon, chose ziricote for the interior of his house because the grain reminded him of the brain.”
But all agree it is a beautiful species. “Aesthetically, ziricote is beautiful. I found that if I put one of my ziricote guitars up on a stand at a show, it brought a crowd,” said Gerald Sheppard, owner of Tennessee-based Gerald Sheppard Guitars. “Most woodworkers avoid the use of sapwood, but it can make a tasteful contrast in some situations.”
Veneers: A Fritz Kohl Handbook describes ziricote as having a sapwood that is yellowish white and a heartwood that is dark brown with irregular deep black zones. “The heartwood is very decorative when used together with the light sapwood,” notes the editor.
Ziricote’s range of growth is from Mexico to Argentina, with most ornamental trees coming from the northern range. “Once considered to be an extremely rare species, it wasn’t until about five years ago that ziricote has been exploited internationally,” Banas said.
Both Brian Hearne, president of Hearne Hardwoods and Banas noted ziricote can mimic the grain of Brazilian/Rio Palisander rosewood. However, Banas said, “Ziricote should be admired in its own right. The variegated grain structure in conjunction with black, grey, white and sometimes green colors help create an artistic landscape design which is incomparable to that of any other species,” he said.
Added Hearne, “It is one of the few species that looks like you cut and pasted it because of the overlapping grain pattern.”
While ziricote is not as easy to work as other species and can be prone to checking, Hearne noted, “people will say it is so beautiful, they want it anyway. With ziricote, the beauty factor outweighs any workability concerns. Ziricote is a stunning wood.”
About the Author
Jo-Ann KaiserJo-Ann Kaiser has been covering the woodworking industry for 31+ years. She is a contributing editor for the Woodworking Network and has been writing the Wood of the Month column since its inception in 1986.